How to Write a Scientific Thesis or Dissertation: Brief Guide

A scientific dissertation is a significant work you will complete if you decide to pursue a master’s or doctorate in your subject. Unfortunately, a scientific dissertation can have a very different structure and goal from your high school work. 

This essay will examine numerous principles for writing a scientific dissertation to assist you in overcoming frequent stumbling blocks for students.

What is scientific research?

Scientific research is a methodical approach to study designed to gather pertinent data to support a theory, discover new information, or offer answers to a specific issue.

Scientific dissertation structure

The framework of a research paper is crucial to drafting a scientific article. The reliance on dissertation sections in many writing scientific dissertation guidelines attests to the importance of learning the structure of a dissertation. 

Unlike traditional essays, which are often divided into an introduction, a body, and a conclusion, a dissertation has several chapters that let you elaborate on a variety of concepts.

A scientific research paper should have the following sections:

  • The abstract
  • The introduction
  • Literature review
  • Methodology
  • Results
  • Discussion
  • Conclusion
  • References

However, depending on the faculty requirements and the research techniques used for your topic, this structure might change. Therefore, it is advisable to examine the faculty requirements and speak with your instructor about the ideal structure of your essay to prevent any structural faults.

What is a thesis statement in science?

A thesis statement is a brief phrase that encapsulates the main argument of your essay. This phrase appears in your abstract, introduction, and conclusion, helping you to make the reader aware of the aim of your paper. 

This claim should not be a statement of fact but rather brief and leave room for discussion. 

Types of scientific thesis based on research methods

The type of essay selected for your paper may vary depending on the purpose of your work. Some of the common types of a scientific thesis include:

  • Qualitative research

Qualitative research is the study of thoughts, views, or experiences via the collection and analysis of non-numerical data. The arts and social sciences frequently employ this strategy since they rarely rely on scientific experiments to establish facts. 

Grounded theory, ethnography, action research, phenomenological research, and story research are typical qualitative research methodologies. Additionally, these studies conclusions are based on secondary research as well as observations, interviews, focus groups, questionnaires, and other research methodologies. 

  • Quantitative research

The systematic exploration of phenomena through the collection of measurable data and the application of statistical, mathematical, or computer approaches are known as quantitative research. Results from qualitative research can be represented as numerical data, as opposed to the former.

In the natural and social sciences, this methodology is frequently employed for exploratory, descriptive, or correlational studies. Statistics can be used to formally test hypotheses or predictions in both correlational and experimental research. 

How to write a scientific research paper

Ineffective writing strategies could ruin your efforts in the latter writing stages. Because of this, it’s essential to follow a set procedure when writing your paper. 

The following are some essential procedures for creating a research paper: 

  1. Topic choice 

Your ability to write an essay is significantly influenced by the topic you choose. Choose a topic that both piques your curiosity and allows you to contribute unique insights to the discussion. 

  1. Research

Proper research can help you gain a broader perspective on the subject at hand, which will make it simpler for you to develop original arguments and avoid plagiarism. Journals, books, research papers, and websites having,.org, or .med extension are a few reliable sources for research articles. 

  1. Creating a paper outline 

When planning a research paper, an outline is an essential tool. You can arrange your ideas in this document, ensuring a logical progression of reasoning and the accuracy of your research 

  1. Editing and drafting 

After you’ve planned your outline, compose your first draft and set aside some time to revise. Edit your paper for one type of fault at a time, if you can, to catch a wider range of mistakes.